The WTO Public Procurement Agreement is a “multilateral” agreement that means it applies to a number of WTO members, but not all members. In a further development of membership, Brazil followed its application for membership of the GPA in May 2020 by presenting its answers to a list of questions about its public procurement system, including its public procurement laws and rules. He also told the Committee that it planned to present its first market access offer by the end of 2020. Brazil is the first country in Latin America to strive to join the multilateral agreement. The GPA is a multi-lateral agreement, which means that it only engages WTO members who are parties and have therefore agreed to be linked to it. It currently has 20 parties, with 48 WTO members. These include five new contracting parties whose memberships became effective after the revised GPA came into force. GPA membership is limited to WTO members who have specifically signed or subsequently joined the GPA. WTO members are not required to join the GPA, but the United States urges all WTO members to participate in this important agreement. Several countries, including China, Jordan and Moldova, are negotiating GPA membership. The following WTO members are parties to the 1994 agreement: As a result, the first Tokyo Round Code on Government Procurement was signed in 1979 and came into force in 1981. It was amended in 1987 and the amendment came into force in 1988. The parties to the agreement then negotiated the extension of the scope and scope of the agreement, in parallel with the Uruguay Round.
Finally, on 15 April 1994, a new public procurement agreement (GPA 1994) was signed in Marrakech at the same time as the WTO agreement, which came into force on 1 January 1996. It is an agreement between members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) to open each other`s markets to the sale of goods and services to governments, often including regional and local governments. The GPA is what is called a multi-lateral agreement, which means that it includes some, but not all, WTO members. Multilateral agreements have been a useful way for countries to continue to reduce trade barriers, while WTO-wide trade negotiations have stalled. The United Kingdom expects to join the GPA in January 2021, after the end of the transition. The agreement came into force in 1979 as the Tokyo Round Code on Government Procurement, which came into force in 1981 under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.  It was then renegotiated in parallel with the 1994 Uruguay Round and this version came into force on 1 January 1996. The agreement was then revised on March 30, 2012. The revised MPA came into effect on July 6, 2014.  The Public Procurement Agreement (GPA) is a multi-lateral agreement, under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which governs the purchase of goods and services by the inter-service authorities of the contracting parties, based on the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination.
At a meeting in October 2020, the parties to the WTO Public Procurement Agreement (GPA) called on the UK to take the final steps to become a party to the agreement in 2021. This contribution deals with the UK`s membership of the GPA and its importance for access to the U.S. procurement market if the Trump administration persists in ruling out purchases of a bilateral trade agreement. It also looks at Brazil`s progress in its own membership of the GPA. The GPA is a multi-lateral agreement within the WTO framework, which means that not all WTO members are parties to the agreement. Currently, the agreement consists of 20 parties, with 48 WTO members. Thirty-six WTO members/observers participate in the GPA committee as observers.