In some cases, the OBT agreement recognizes that not all international standards are appropriate. This could be done for climatic, geographical or technological reasons. Under the OBT agreement, developing countries are not expected to apply international standards that are not adapted to their development, financing or trade needs. Implementation and implementation of international standards may require technical and financial resources that go beyond the opportunities available to developing countries. The TBT agreement facilitates the impact of certain provisions whose full implementation would be incompatible with the development, financing and trade needs of Member States. In addition, due to their particular technological and socio-economic conditions, members of developing countries may adopt technical rules, standards or testing methods to preserve national technologies and production methods and processes compatible with their development needs (Article 12.4). Finally, members of developing countries may ask international standards bodies to explore the possibility and, if feasible, to prepare international standards for products of particular commercial interest. Any procedure used directly or indirectly to determine whether the relevant requirements are being met in technical requirements or standards. Promote the development of international standards and compliance assessment systems; Although the TBT agreement applies to a wide range of industrial and agricultural products, health and plant health measures and procurement specifications are subject to separate agreements. The rules of the OBT agreement help distinguish between legitimate standards and technical rules and protectionist measures.
Standards, technical rules and compliance assessment procedures must be developed and applied on a non-discriminatory basis, developed and applied in a transparent manner and, where appropriate, based on relevant international standards and guidelines. One of the objectives of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Technical Barriers to Trade (OTC) agreement is to ensure that technical regulations, product standards and compliance assessment procedures (testing and certification procedures) do not create unnecessary trade barriers. The agreement encourages members to use existing international standards for their national rules or for certain parts of them, unless their use is not effective or inappropriate to achieve a particular political objective. This may be the case. B due to fundamental climatic and geographic factors or fundamental technological problems (Article 2.4). As has already been said, technical rules are refuted by relevant international standards so as not to create unnecessary obstacles to international trade. Similar provisions apply to compliance assessment procedures: international guides or recommendations from international standards bodies or their relevant bodies must be used for national compliance assessment procedures, unless they are unsuitable for national safety requirements, the prevention of fraudulent practices, the protection of human health or safety. , animal or plant life or health. or environmental protection; Fundamental climatic factors or other geographic factors; basic technology or infrastructure problems (Article 5,4).
L. Prior to the adoption of a standard, the standard leaves at least 60 days to comment on the draft standard by interested parties in a WTO member`s territory. However, this delay can be reduced when urgent safety, health or environmental problems arise or threaten to occur. At the latest at the beginning of the comment period, the standard-setting body issues a notice announcing the time limit for the notice in the publication referred to in paragraph J.